There are many psychological and speech/language tests that can indicated a generalized Auditory Processing Deficit. Also, a child's specific auditory characteristics can be a fairly reliable indicator.
However, only a licensed audiologist–utilizing calibrated audiometric equipment and specific auditory processing tests in a sound protected environment–can fully diagnose or rule out APD.
APD is most easily diagnosed at seven years of age or older but can be screened as early as age five years.
Diagnosing an APD requires approximately two hours of testing. This means that your child's cooperation is essential for a successful test. Dr. Steed has extensive experience in working with children of varying abilities. Several breaks will be provided.
Results are most reliable for children who do not have severe hearing loss, cognitive deficits, or behavioral challenges. Dr. Steed will consult with parents on a case-by-case basis to prevent unnecessary or unhelpful testing.
Auditory processing is more than just asking, "Can you hear me now?" Once it is determined that a child has normal hearing, there are several different auditory skills that must also function normally in order to be able to understand what is heard.
The APD testing will look closely at all of the auditory processing skills used to understand speech: sound detection, sound discrimination, localization of sound, auditory attention, word discrimination, auditory closure, auditory synthesis, auditory analysis auditory association, and auditory memory.
Regardless of the age group, it is imperative to obtain therapy to overcome and cope with APD. Therapy to improve or resolve the auditory processing deficits can be facilitated by a trained Audiologist, Occupational Therapist, or Speech Pathologist who specializes in APD treatment.
Success of therapy depends on the severity of the diagnosis and the age of the patient. Therapy is very successful in children through the mid-teen years, before the brain becomes rigid and less accepting of new processes.
Informal therapy may also be recommended
The duration of therapy depends on the severity and age of the patient. A typical therapy regimen can be as little as a few months to several years depending on the specific needs of the patient.
A customized plan is developed after the initial assessment. To create an effective therapy plan, the parent should be involved in establishing obtainable goals.
Many insurance companies recognize APD as a medically treatable disorder and will cover testing and therapy. Full coverage depends on your plan and status of your deductible.
Please use the following codes to obtain a quote from your insurance carrier regarding your coverage. The ICD-10 code (diagnosis code) most commonly used is H93.25 (Impairment of Auditory Discrimination) and the CPT Codes (procedure codes) for assessment are 92557, 92620, 92621 (x 8), 92588 and 92570. The CPT code for treatment is 92507.